U.S. ground troops in South Vietnam were in areas sprayed with herbicide orange

report
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by
U.S. General Accounting Office , [Washington, D.C.]
Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975 -- Chemical warfare., Herbicides -- War use., Agent Or
Statementby the Comptroller General of the United States.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsDS559.8.C5 U54 1979
The Physical Object
Pagination9, 12 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4066337M
LC Control Number79604309

From tothe Department of Defense (DOD) sprayed million gallons of Herbicide Orange in Vietnam. DOD considered the herbicide to be a low health hazard and took few precautions to prevent troops' exposure to it.

Between and a large number of U.S. ground troops in Vietnam were in areas sprayed with herbicide orange both during and shortly after spraying.

DOD took few precautions to prevent exposure because at that time it did not consider the. From tothe U.S. Air Force sprayed nearly 19 million gallons of herbicides in Vietnam, of which at least 11 million gallons was Agent Orange, in a military project called Operation Ranch Hand. U.s. Ground Troops in South Vietnam Were in Areas Sprayed With Herbicide Orange.

Legislative and Litigatory Impact of Herbicide Agent Orange in South Vietnam  Meyers, Bruce F. () Related Items in Google Scholar ©— Bioethics Research Library U.s.

Ground Troops in South Vietnam Were in Areas Sprayed With Herbicide Orange. The U.S. Military and the Herbicide Program in Vietnam From tothe U.S.

Air Force sprayed nearly 19 million gallons of herbicides in Vietnam, of which at least 11 million gallons was Agent Orange, in a military project called Operation Ranch Hand. Agent Orange was a powerful herbicide used by U.S.

military forces during the Vietnam War to eliminate forest cover and crops for North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops. The U.S. program, codenamed. The U.S. program of defoliation, codenamed Operation Ranch Hand, sprayed more than 19 million gallons of herbicides over million acres of land in Vietnam from to Agent Orange, which contained the chemical dioxin, was the most commonly used of the herbicide mixtures, and the most effective.

Herbicide Orange. Developmental test and evaluation of the COIN defoliant dispenser, A/B 23Y-1, installed on an A-1E aircraft. Thirty-seven flights were conducted. Spray flights were conducted between either to am or pm to obtain required weather conditions over the CB Grid.

Air Proving Ground Center, Eglin AFB. Florida. Eglin AFBFile Size: 99KB.

Description U.S. ground troops in South Vietnam were in areas sprayed with herbicide orange FB2

Part of the United States' strategy in Vietnam was to conduct an herbicide program to remove foliage providing cover for the enemy. Agent Orange was the most widely used of the herbicide combinations sprayed.

Agent Orange and other herbicides used in Vietnam were tested or stored elsewhere, including some military bases in the United States. Agent Orange and other herbicides used during the Vietnam War were tested or stored elsewhere, including some military bases in the United States.

The Department of Defense has released a list of dates and locations of herbicide tests and storage. They include military bases and locations in the United States, Puerto Rico, and other places outside of the U.S.

(Note: [ ]. Agent Orange was U.S. ground troops in South Vietnam were in areas sprayed with herbicide orange book throughout Vietnam, however the orange areas on this map are considered the “hotspots” for the most intensive use.

Details U.S. ground troops in South Vietnam were in areas sprayed with herbicide orange FB2

I was in the Tay Ninh area that is sometime called the “Parrot’s Beak” where Vietnam protruded into Cambodia. This map represents the herbicide spray missions in Vietnam. The orange areas represent concentrated spraying areas. As you can see, the III Corps received the heaviest concentrations of spraying, followed by I Corps, II Corps, and IV Corps (9).

A., B., and C., represent known volumes of Agent Orange, White, and Blue sprayed by the U.S. The military use of herbicides in Vietnam began inwas expanded during andand reached a peak from to Herbicides were used extensively in Vietnam by the U.S.

Air Force's Operation Ranch Hand to defoliate inland hardwood forests, coastal mangrove forests, and to a lesser extent, cultivated land, by aerial spraying from C aircraft and helicopters. AGENT ORANGE/DIOXIN HOT SPOTS – A LEGACY OF U.S.

MILITARY BASES IN SOUTHERN VIET NAM L. Wayne Dwernychuka, Hoang Dinh Caub, Christopher T.

Download U.S. ground troops in South Vietnam were in areas sprayed with herbicide orange PDF

Hatfielda, Thomas G. Boivina, Tran Manh Hungb, Phung Tri Dungb, and Nguyen Dinh Thaib aHatfield Consultants Ltd., Suite – Bellevue Ave., West Vancouver, BC, V7V 1A6, Canada.

U.S. ground troops in South Vietnam were in areas sprayed with herbicide orange: report. Members of the ACC performed herbicide-spraying operations on the ground and by helicopter and were thereby involved in the direct handling and distribution of Agent Orange and other herbicides in Vietnam.

They were not identified for detailed study of health effects related to herbicide exposure until the late s (Thomas and Kang, ). As one of a group of chemicals referred to as the rainbow herbicides, Agent Orange served as the most well-known defoliant used in the Vietnam War.

It was used to push enemy troops out of the jungles, forcing them to fight out in the open. Dubbed ‘Operation Ranch Hand,’ millions of acres were being sprayed in Vietnam by the late 60s. Setting Priorities: Addressing the Heavily Sprayed Areas Twelve provinces were the most heavily sprayed with Agent Orange during the war.

Ten of them cluster around one of the three air bases that became the most contaminate with dioxin: Da Nang, Phu Cat and Bien Hoa. 16, report "U.S. Ground Troops In South Vietnam Were In Areas Sprayed With Herbicide Orange," we found that from through a large number of U.S. ground troops were in and near areas sprayed with agent orange both during.

From tothe US Air Force sprayed nearly 19 million gallons of toxic herbicides and defoliants across South Vietnam as part of Operation Ranch Hand, at least 11 million gallons of which was Agent Orange.

MILITARY USE OF HERBICIDES IN VIETNAM. Military use of herbicides in Vietnam took place from through Tests conducted in the United States and elsewhere designed to evaluate defoliation efficacy were used to select specific herbicides (IOM, ; Young and Newton, ).Four compounds were used in the herbicide formulations in Vietnam.

A section discusses the area at Eglin Air Force Base in Florida (test area C) where the Air Force developed and tested the spray equipment used in Vietnam from to These test areas received over 1, times the amount of TCDD contaminant in Agent Orange that was disseminated on a hectare in South Vietnam.

WASHINGTON, Nov. 24 — Thousands of United States marines and soldiers were deployed in areas of South Vietnam that had been sprayed with the herbicide Agent Orange in the war in Vietnam, contrary. U.S. Navy & Coast Guard Ships In Vietnam VA maintains an evolving list of U.S.

Navy and Coast Guard ships associated with military service in Vietnam and possible exposure to Agent Orange based on military records. This includes ships of the Brown Water and Blue Water Navy that operated on Vietnam’s inland waterways, docked to shore or pier inFile Size: KB.

Assessment of human exposure is a key element in addressing two of the charges that guide the work of this committee. This chapter first presents background information on the military use of herbicides in Vietnam from to with a review of our knowledge of exposures of those who served in Vietnam and of the Vietnamese population to the herbicides and to the.

Agent Orange is a herbicide and defoliant chemical, one of the "tactical use" Rainbow Herbicides. It is widely known for its use by the U.S. military as part of its herbicidal warfare program, Operation Ranch Hand, during the Vietnam War from to It is a mixture of equal parts of two herbicides.

Herbicidal warfare is the use of substances primarily designed to destroy the plant-based ecosystem of an area. Although herbicidal warfare use chemical substances, its main purpose is to disrupt agricultural food production and/or to destroy plants which provide cover or concealment to the enemy, not to asphyxiate or poison humans and/or destroy human-made structures.

4 General Accounting Office, ‘Ground Troops in South Vietnam Were in Areas Sprayed with Herbicide Orange," FPCDp.1 (Novem ). 5 Letter from Dr. James R. Clary to Senator Tom Daschle (September 9, ). Clary is a former government scientist with the Chemical Weapons.

Branch. BW/CW Division, Air Force Armament. This map represents the herbicide spray missions in Vietnam. The orange areas represent concentrated spraying areas.

As you can see, the III Corps received the heaviest concentrations of spraying, followed by I Corps, II Corps, and IV Corps (9).

Map sourec: (13) A., B., and C., represent known volumes of Agent Orange, White, and. During the war, between and million Vietnamese lived in areas sprayed with dioxin-contaminated herbicides whilst about million Vietnam veterans were presumed to be exposed to the Agent Orange.

Health issues of Vietnam veterans were quickly regarded as a serious problem in the U.S. The report recommended additional herbicide spraying in Korea, using U.S. troops to help the South Koreans. That same year, South Vietnamese newspapers reported increased birth defects from areas sprayed with Agent Orange and a study in the United States found that dioxin caused birth defects in mice and rats.U.S.

Ground Troops in South Vietnam Were in Areas Sprayed with Herbicide Orange (Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C., Novem ). Google Scholar : Michael Gough.U.S. Bases in Thailand During the Vietnam War and Agent Orange Aug by Ryan Moore Over the years of this writer’s service at the Library of Congress, veterans and their families have sent me questions about maps that show the locations of U.S.

forces in Thailand during the Vietnam War.